What is mind map?
A mind map is a diagram or learning tool, used to represent concepts or ideas associated with a particular topic, that is, corresponds to a tool used to facilitate learning by schematically displaying ideas, all related to each other, which together help explain the content of a specific topic.
This technique was developed for the first time by the writer and educational consultant, Tony Buzan, and its main objective is to synthesize an information unit to the minimum possible expression, avoiding redundancy and maintaining key ideas, making use of creativity to capture the thoughts derived from a central theme, in a graphic and dynamic way.
Characteristics of Mind Map
- In general, the central theme is represented by an image located right in the center of the diagram and they have a radial primary structure, composed of joints connected to each other.
- Ideas and concepts are symbolized by images or symbols and keywords. It is essential to use colors to highlight and accentuate ideas, in this way we stimulate our brain to form new connections.
- In turn, each of the central ideas is followed by an image or keyword located in its associated line.
- The ideas of minor importance within the scheme correspond to secondary ramifications, which are developed from those main ideas that are directly linked to the central theme.
How to Make a Step-by-Step Mind Map
To build your mental map, you will only need a sheet of paper, cardboard or the material of your choice; colored pencils; Eraser and any other element that you want to add to reinforce the visual aspect of it.
- Keep in mind that a mind map should include as few words as possible, for which it is important to use only keywords or phrases, as well as images or patterns that help represent each set of ideas.
- Start by placing the primary idea or thematic focus, right in the center of the sheet of paper. Take into account that this can be represented either by words or by a drawing that belongs to the topic to be treated. It is advisable to use a picture to represent it and accompany it with a keyword.
- Starting from the central idea highlighted in the center of the page, develop the rest of the ideas related to the theme around it.
- To establish a hierarchical order between each of the ideas, develop them in the clockwise direction. Keep in mind that those ideas that are directly linked to the thematic focus, will have priority over the others; the more distant an idea of the central theme is, the less importance it will have within the scheme.
- Use lines to build the relationship between the thematic focus and the rest of the ideas developed from it.
- You can highlight the ideas by enclosing them in some figure, such as ovals or squares, highlighting them with colored pencils, pictures or any element that allows you to differentiate them from each other and understand the relationship between them; just use your creativity.
- In case one sheet of paper is not enough, stick one or two more sheets and continue making your mind map. You can use all the space you want, but without deviating from the objective.