The Power of the Other by Henry Cloud is a self-help book that demonstrates the ways that people influence each other. It describes how to cultivate healthy relationships in order to get the most benefit from interpersonal relationships.
Individuals can improve themselves beyond certain limits only if they have emotional connections with and receive feedback from others. Healthy relationships improve physical and mental development, as well as shape the mind’s methods for managing how the body handles information and energy.
A relationship can take one of four forms. It could be a complete lack of connection, a connection based on negative emotions, a connection based on falsely positive emotions, or a true connection based on healthy emotions and trust. Leaders are especially prone to disconnected relationships because they learn to rely only on themselves or have few opportunities to be vulnerable in order to improve relationships. A negative emotional relationship involves participants who feel incapable of communicating with or pleasing the other. A pseudo-positive connection is based on flattery and positivity but the relationship is not honest. Unless people know how to improve these relationships, they might cycle through these three inferior relationship types without attaining the fourth type: emotionally open and connected relationships.
A true connection is characterized by mutual support that fuels each person with the right kind of energy, honest communication about the needs of each participant, sincere listening, the acceptance of responsibility by each participant, and the agreement not to usurp responsibility from each other. Healthy relationships avoid the stigma of failure and strive to close the gap between where participants are and where they want to be. It is every member’s responsibility to ensure that communication is constructive and supportive even if it is critical. A relationship that produces growth can encourage participants to stretch past perceived boundaries as long as it does so for all participants and provides resources for incremental progress and planning.
Obstacles to true connections occur when individuals do not communicate directly with one another. The solution, in that case, is to address the problem, agree to communicate directly, agree to avoid gossip, remain open to feedback, build listening and conflict resolution skills, and use wisdom to avoid destructive communication.
Mutual understanding builds the trust that fuels the most beneficial relationships, which withstand sensitive conversations about past performance. Even after the relationship ends, the benefits become internalized in participants so that they can continue to call on the motivation and lessons that the healthy, communicative relationship provided.
The main key takeaways for this book are:
- Human relationships are vital for improvement because they provide the motivation, energy, and information that can push people beyond the limits of what they could achieve alone.
- There are four types of relationships, which correspond to the corners of a square. Relationships are isolating, produce negative emotions, produce false positive emotions, or are enriching through the honest exchange of emotions.
- True connections provide the types of energy that fuel improvement. A lack of energy signals an unhealthy relationship.
- In a true connection, participants take responsibility for their own behavior, and they all agree not to take control from each other.
- Healthy relationships avoid the fear of failure and encourage participants to provide feedback and improve on their performance.
- Participants in a truly connective relationship can push each other toward audacious goals if they provide the right kind of support.
- After a relationship ends, the participants are permanently changed by it and continue to rely on the motivation and energy they received through it.
- Gossip and conniving send people to the “Bermuda Triangle of Relationships” where their relationship will be mired in misunderstandings and negative feelings.
- To build solid corner four relationships, participants must facilitate communication that enhances mutual understanding and thereby builds trust.